About breast milk

About breast milk

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Breast milk is the milk produced by a mother's body in order to feed the baby. Breast milk is the main source of nourishment for infants and unique in terms of nutrition and quality.

It has some exceptional qualities for both babies and you: it strengthens the immune system, protects against diabetes, obesity, asthma and protects mothers against breast or ovarian cancer and helps them recover faster after birth.

How is milk produced in the mother's breasts?

Ever since you become pregnant you begin to feel breast changes. All these changes prepare them to produce breast milk for baby feeding.

Milk does not appear after the baby is born, but begins to occur during pregnancy. The mammary glands and galactophageal ducts begin to go through the entire development process to prepare the baby since the fetus is in the womb. It begins to occur starting with the 5th and 6th month of pregnancy.

But in that period, but also a few days after birth, the body does not produce milk, but a viscous, yellow and transparent liquid called colostrum. It contains many minerals and proteins, but less fat, calories and lactose. The latter will benefit the child when the milk is secreted.

What does breast milk contain and what are its benefits?

Breast milk is praised as being unique and breastfeeding has effects on the baby that no existing milk formula can have.


Milk contains 2 types of protein:

  • what (60%);

  • casein (40%).

This combination is beneficial for babies because it allows for easier and faster digestion. Whey, which is found in a very high percentage in this type of milk, has amazing protective properties of the body against infections.

Here are other proteins that are contained in milk:

  • Lactoferin - contributes to the absorption of iron;

  • Secretory IgA (immunoglobin) - protects the child against bacteria and viruses, allergies, etc .;

  • Lysozyme - an enzyme that protects children from certain bacteria and viruses, helps in growth, develops intestinal fluoride and has anti-inflammatory properties;

  • Bifidus factor - protects the child from harmful bacteria.


Fats from breast milk are essential for the baby's health. It helps in brain development, in the absorption of vitamins and is an essential source of calories that helps in weight gain!


The types and amount of vitamins transmitted to the baby through milk are directly influenced by the vitamins available to the mother in the body. This is why it is important to properly nourish yourself both during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. Breast milk should mainly contain:

  • vitamin A, D, E, K, C, riboflavin, pantothenic acid etc.


Lactose is the main source of carbohydrates in milk. It provides 40% of the total calories provided by breast milk. It helps reduce the number of harmful bacteria in the stomach, which improves the absorption of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. Important disease control and helps to develop intestinal flora.

Breast milk is the ideal formula for baby food!

Breast milk is the perfect combination of protein, fat, vitamins and carbohydrates. Even the proportion in which they are found is excellent to contribute to the optimal development of the baby.

It contains leukocytes, living cells that are found only in breast milk. They fight infections. Also the antibodies, enzymes and hormones contained in it make it a unique food form.

Tags Breast milk Breast milk composition Breastfeeding Benefits Breastfeeding Breast changes pregnancy