Multiple pregnancy. Everything you need to know
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Multiple pregnancy - with twins, triplets or more girls - is a blessing and joy within the family, but also a source of fears and anxieties for the future mother. There are a few special features that differentiate it from a single pregnancy and that you must take into account to ensure that you will give birth to strong and healthy babies. Find out everything you need to know about multiple pregnancy and how to avoid the complications that plague it!
What is multiple pregnancy?
Multiple pregnancy occurs when more than one embryo develops in your uterus. These can come from one egg or several. The fertilized egg can be divided into two or more embryos, giving birth to multiple pregnancies. Babies that come from the same egg are called identical.
It seems that the process of division appears purely by chance, not being caused or influenced by age, race, family history or other factors. Babies that come from separate eggs are called fraternal and have a tendency to inherit by inheritance.
How does multiple pregnancy appear?
There are no exact causes underlying this type of pregnancy, but experts argue that there are several factors that can influence it. In general, women who undergo IVF or try to become pregnant by various methods of assisted human reproduction are more prone to multiple pregnancies than those who do not take any measures to become pregnant.
Fertility treatments tend to stimulate the body to produce and release more eggs at a single ovulation. This increases the chances of more eggs being fertilized by sperm and developing more embryos.
When you go through an in vitro fertilization procedure, doctors introduce more fertilized eggs into the uterus, to increase the chances that they will "catch" and even get a single pregnancy. But it is not excluded that most or even all fertilized eggs become embryos and thus appear with more fetuses.
Other factors that increase the chances of getting a multiple pregnancy are:
- cases of twins or multiple pregnancies in the family (especially to relatives from the mother, who had fraternal twins);
- over 35 years old;
- trying to get pregnant immediately after giving up contraception.
How do you find out if you have multiple pregnancy?
Multiple pregnancy is always confirmed to the doctor during the first trimester ultrasound of pregnancy. But there are some signs that make it empty and p
- severe morning sickness;
- accentuated pregnancy symptoms;
- very high HCG level (at first blood tests);
- heavy weight gain in the first trimester of pregnancy, etc.
What complications can occur?
Multiple pregnancy presents far more risks than a single pregnancy and requires closer medical monitoring. The risk of complications increases directly in proportion to the number of babies you have in your tummy.
If you are pregnant with several babies, you are at increased risk of:
- preeclampsia (extremely dangerous complication, which predisposes you to miscarriage or loss of pregnancy);
- gestational diabetes (a special form of diabetes, which occurs in pregnant women);
- miscarriage, pregnancy loss;
- premature birth (serious health problems for the baby);
- congenital malformations (birth defects).
What care measures should you take in multiple pregnancy?
Your health care needs to be intensely increased when the doctor confirms your twin or multiple pregnancy. Only by taking care of yourself and your body significantly reduces the risk of complications and you are more likely to successfully complete such a task.
Among the main care measures you have to take on the task are:
- mandatory attendance at all prenatal visits established by the physician;
- respecting all the doctor's indications and advice;
- healthy diet, with foods rich in nutrients necessary for the development of your fetus and body;
- giving up alcohol, cigarettes and coffee;
- Enough rest and intense relaxation;
- sport, to the extent that your medical and physical condition allows you (always consult your doctor before playing a sport).
How did you experience the experience of multiple pregnancy? Share your experience in the comment section below!
Tags Multiple pregnancy Twin pregnancy